author	 = {Julian Kunkel},
	title	 = {{Simulation of Parallel Programs on Application and System Level}},
	advisors	 = {Thomas Ludwig},
	year	 = {2013},
	month	 = {07},
	school	 = {Universität Hamburg},
	howpublished	 = {{Online \url{}}},
	type	 = {PhD Thesis},
	abstract	 = {Computer simulation revolutionizes traditional experimentation providing a virtual laboratory. The goal of high-performance computing is a fast execution of applications since this enables rapid experimentation. Performance of parallel applications can be improved by increasing either capability of hardware or execution efficiency. In order to increase utilization of hardware resources, a rich variety of optimization strategies is implemented in both hardware and software layers. The interactions of these strategies, however, result in very complex systems. This complexity makes assessing and understanding the measured performance of parallel applications in real systems exceedingly difficult.  To help in this task, in this thesis an innovative event-driven simulator for MPI-IO applications and underlying heterogeneous cluster computers is developed which can help us to assess measured performance. The simulator allows conducting MPI-IO application runs in silico, including the detailed simulations of collective communication patterns, parallel I/O and cluster hardware configurations. The simulation estimates the upper bounds for expected performance and therewith facilitates the evaluation of observed performance.  In addition to the simulator, the comprehensive tracing environment HDTrace is presented. HDTrace offers novel capabilities in analyzing parallel I/O. For example, it allows the internal behavior of MPI and the parallel file system PVFS to be traced. While PIOsimHD replays traced behavior of applications on arbitrary virtual cluster environments, in conjunction with HDTrace it is a powerful tool for localizing inefficiencies, conducting research on optimizations for communication algorithms, and evaluating arbitrary and future systems.  This thesis is organized according to a systematic methodology which aims at increasing insight into complex systems: The information provided in the background and related-work sections offers valuable analyses on parallel file systems, performance factors of parallel applications, the Message Passing Interface, the state-of-the-art in optimization and discrete-event simulation. The behavior of memory, network and I/O subsystem is assessed for our working group's cluster system, demonstrating the problems of characterizing hardware. One important insight of this analysis is that due to interactions between hardware characteristics and existing optimizations, performance does not follow common probability distributions, leading to unpredictable behavior of individual operations.  The hardware models developed for the simulator rely on just a handful of characteristics and implement only a few optimizations. However, a high accuracy of the developed models to explain real world phenomenons is demonstrated while performing a careful qualification and validation. Comprehensive experiments illustrate how simulation aids in localizing bottlenecks in parallel file system, MPI and hardware, and how it fosters understanding of system behavior. Additional experiments demonstrate the suitability of the novel tools for developing and evaluating alternative MPI and I/O algorithms. With its power to assess the performance of clusters running up to 1,000 processes, PIOsimHD serves as virtual laboratory for studying system internals.  In summary, the combination of the enhanced tracing environment and a novel simulator offers unprecedented insights into interactions between application, communication library, file system and hardware.},
	url	 = {},