author	 = {Fabian Große and Naomi Greenwood and Markus Kreus and Hermann Lenhart and Detlev Machoczek and Johannes Pätsch and Lesley A. Salt and Helmuth Thomas},
	title	 = {{Looking beyond stratification: a model-based analysis of the biological drivers of oxygen depletion in the North Sea}},
	year	 = {2015},
	editor	 = {},
	publisher	 = {Copernicus Publications},
	address	 = {Bahnhofsallee 1e, 37081 Göttingen, Germany},
	journal	 = {Biogeosciences Discussions},
	series	 = {12},
	pages	 = {12543--12610},
	doi	 = {},
	abstract	 = {The problem of low oxygen conditions, often referred to as hypoxia, occurs regularly in the North Sea, a temperate European shelf sea. Stratification represents a major process regulating the seasonal dynamics of bottom oxygen. However, lowest oxygen conditions in the North Sea do not occur in the regions of strongest stratification. This suggests that stratification is an important prerequisite for hypoxia, but that the complex interaction between hydrodynamics and the biological processes drives its development. In this study we use the ecosystem model HAMSOM-ECOHAM5 to provide a general characteristic of the different North Sea oxygen regimes, and to quantify the impact of the different physical and biological factors driving the oxygen dynamics below the thermocline and in the bottom layer. We show that the North Sea can be subdivided into three different regimes in terms of oxygen dynamics: (1) a highly productive, non-stratified coastal regime, (2) a productive, seasonally stratified regime with a small sub-thermocline volume, and (3) a productive, seasonally stratified regime with a large sub-thermocline volume, with regime 2 being highly susceptible to hypoxic conditions. Our analysis of the different processes driving the oxygen development reveals that inter-annual variations in the oxygen conditions are caused by variations in primary production, while spatial differences can be attributed to differences in stratification and water depth. In addition, we show that benthic bacteria represent the main oxygen consumers in the bottom layer, consistently accounting for more than 50 \% of the overall consumption. By providing these valuable insights, we show that ecosystem models can be a useful tool for the interpretation of observations and the estimation of the impact of anthropogenic drivers on the North Sea oxygen conditions.},
	url	 = {},

bibtex.txt · Last modified: 2018-01-24 17:13 (external edit)